Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Geologists use the term "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompas unmetamorphosed limestone. Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material. Pure white marble is result of metamorphism of a very pure (silicate-poor) limestone or dolomite protolith. The characteristic swirls and veins of many coloured marble varieties are usually due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers in the limestone.
As the preferred stone of the Greek and Roman sculptors and architects, marble over thousands of years has become a cultural symbol of tradition and refined taste. It can be extremely varied in colour and pattern which makes it a favorite material for decoration. White marble has been prized for its use in sculptures since classical times. This preference to white marble is to do with its softness and resistance to shattering.
Marble can be found in many countries around the world. Different countries are famous for producing certain types of marble. The two most famous marbles from Italy are the Carrara and Sienna. Over the past 10 years Turkey has seen a real boom in their marble production and export to various countries around the world such as the United States, Brazil, Europe and the UK. The beautiful Island of Paros in Greece produces and beautiful pure white marble called Parian Marble.
Marble can be purchased in many different colours and finishes. Honed, Tumbled, Polished, Brushed, Chipped Edge. Marble is most commonly sold as Marble Tiles for use withing the home. It can also be used externally as long as it has been cut to the correct thinkness which is a minimum of 25mm.