Mosaic is the art of creating images with small pieces of coloured glass, stone, or other materials. It may be a technique of decorative art, an aspect of interior decoration. Small pieces, normally of stone or glass of different colours are used to create a pattern or picture.
The earliest known examples of mosaics made of different materials were found at a temple building in Abra, Mesopotamia, and are dated to the second half of 3rd millennium BC. They consist of pieces of coloured stones, shells and ivory. Excavations at Susa and Chogha Zanbil show evidence of the first glazed tiles, dating from around 1500 BC. Mosaic patterns were not used until the times of Sassanid Empire and Roman Influence.
There were two main techniques in Greco-Roman mosaic: opus vermiculatum used tiny tesserae, typically cubes of 4 millimeters or less and were produced in workshops in relatively small panels which were transported to site glued to some temporary support. The tiny pieces allowed very fine detail to be added to the mosaic. Often small panels were inserted into walls or as the highlights of larger floor mosaics in coarser work. The normal technique was opus tessellatum, using larger tesserae, which was laid on site. There was a distinct native Italian style using black on a white background.
The mosaics of the Villa Romana del Casale near Piazza Armerina in Sicily are the largest collection of late Roman mosaics in situ anywhere in the world and are protected as a UNESCO World heritage site.
Mosaics have developed into a popular craft and art, they are not limited to professionals. Today's artisans and crafters work with stone, ceramics, shells, glass, mirror, beads and even odd items like doll parts, pearls or photographs. While ancient mosaics tended to be architectural, modern mosaics are found covering everything from park benches and flowerpots to bicycles.
In resent years stone and glass mosaics have become increasingly popular within the home as splashbacks in kitchens, entrance hall floors and feature walls in bathrooms. Here at mosaictile.co.uk we have a huge range of Glass mosaics, Travertine mosaics & marble mosaics that would add a touch of modern designer style or the feel of an ancient Roman Villa to your home.
Our range of Glass and Stone mosaics come in a huge variety of finished from polished through to tumbled and are ideal for use in a variety of different interior projects.